The tenant is legally obliged to carry out the repair of certain equipment in the occupied dwelling. The latter are mainly subject to possible breakdowns and the costs of repair are borne by the resident. The nature of the rental repairs is defined by decree and is also mentioned in the rental agreement.
Repairs paid for by the tenant
The decree n°87-712 of 26 August 1987 stipulates the repairs to be paid by the tenant, they take the form of obligations to carry out maintenance work within the dwelling and in the external extensions for the exclusive use of the latter. Indeed, the external parts corresponding to private gardens (alleys, lawns, swimming pools, etc.), awnings, terraces and rainwater drainage systems are considered as extensions requiring maintenance in addition to repairs in the event of damage.
The opening sections (doors and windows) also require cleaning and greasing, or even replacement in some cases, then the interior parts of the dwelling for which repairs are the responsibility of the tenant are characterised by the walls, partitions and ceilings, followed by the various floor coverings and finally the furniture integrated into the structure of the residence (cupboards, shelves, etc.).
Other accessories in the rental contract
In the case of furnished accommodation with household appliances (washing machine, refrigerator, boiler, etc.), repairs and maintenance are automatically imposed on the tenant. The structures illustrated by the chimneys and gas evacuation ducts are also considered accessories.
Electrical and plumbing installations such as light bulbs, switches, fuses, heating equipment, water and gas pipes and taps are also associated with the basic maintenance and repairs to be carried out by the resident.
At the end of a lease, a restoration fee may be charged, as the law is less precise on this subject and often leads to disputes between landlords and tenants. Subject to court sanctions, these costs are the responsibility of the tenant if their origin is due to a lack of maintenance or a particular deterioration (tenant’s activities).
It should be noted, however, that the tenant is exempt from repair costs for obsolescence or regular wear and tear of the facilities. For example, in the case of carpets, the landlord takes full responsibility for the work, but if the carpets show signs of wear and tear, the costs can be shared with the tenant.